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NOC 2021 Version 1.0


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51111 – Authors and writers (except technical)

Authors and writers plan, research and write books, scripts, storyboards, plays, essays, speeches and other non-journalistic articles for publication or presentation. They are employed by advertising agencies, governments, large corporations, private consulting firms, publishing firms, multimedia/new-media companies and other establishments, or they may be self-employed.


Example titles

  • Advertising copywriter
  • Copywriter
  • Essayist
  • Interactive media writer
  • Literary writer
  • Novelist
  • Playwright
  • Poet
  • Script writer
  • Speech writer
  • Writer

Main duties

This group performs some or all of the following duties:
Novelists, playwrights, script writers, poets and other creative writers
  • Conceive and write novels, plays, scripts, poetry and other material for publication or presentation
  • May conduct research to establish factual content and to obtain other necessary information.
Content writers (non-technical)
  • Write e-copy, blog posts, e-books, podcasts and other forms of Web-based content
  • Conduct research on a variety of topics to inform writing and may consult with clients to determine the goals of the writing.
  • Study and determine selling features of products and services and write text for advertisements and commercials.

Employment requirements

  • Copywriters usually require a university degree or college diploma in French, English, marketing, advertising or another discipline.
  • Creative writing programs are offered by universities and colleges.
  • Talent and ability, as demonstrated by a portfolio of work, are important hiring criteria.
  • Membership in a guild or union related to the occupation may be required.

Additional information

  • Authors and writers may specialize in a particular subject or type of writing.


Breakdown summary

Broad occupational category
5 – Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport
1 – Occupations usually require a university degree
Major group
51 – Professional occupations in art and culture
Sub-major group
511 – Professional occupations in art and culture
Minor group
5111 – Writing, translating and related communications professionals
NOC 2021 Version 1.0
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