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NOC 2016 Version 1.3


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2225 – Landscape and horticulture technicians and specialists

Landscape and horticulture technicians and specialists survey and assess landscapes; draw sketches and build models of landscape designs; construct and maintain gardens, parks, golf courses and other landscaped environments; advise clients on issues related to horticulture such as irrigation; breed, cultivate and study plants; and treat injured and diseased trees and plants. They are employed by landscape designers and contractors, lawn service and tree care establishments, golf courses, nurseries and greenhouses, and municipal, provincial and national parks, or they may be self-employed.


Example titles

  • Arborist
  • Golf course superintendent
  • Greenskeeper
  • Horticultural technician
  • Horticulture specialist
  • Horticulturist
  • Hydroponics technician
  • Landscape architectural technician
  • Landscape designer
  • Landscape gardener
  • Landscape technician
  • Landscaper
  • Lawn care specialist
  • Tree service technician

Main duties

This group performs some or all of the following duties:
    Arborists and tree service technicians
    • Examine trees and shrubs to diagnose problems and disease, and apply various treatments such as pruning, spraying, repairing damaged areas and injecting with treatment solutions.
    Golf course superintendents
    • Direct crews who maintain the health and appearance of golf courses and their surrounding landscapes, plant and move trees, and apply fertilizers, fungicides, herbicides and pesticides.
    • Plan and co-ordinate the growth and use of plants for landscaping, ornamental uses and other purposes.
    Landscape designers and landscape architectural technicians and technologists
    • Survey and assess sites, prepare drawings, sketches and reports and perform other duties to assist landscape architects in designing landscaped environments.
    Landscape gardeners
    • Plant and maintain private and public lawns and gardens.
    • Plan and construct landscaped environments which may include trees, shrubberies, lawns, fences, decks, patios and other landscape structures.
    Lawn care specialists
    • Visit clients, assess the health of lawns, and apply fertilizer, pesticides and other lawn care products.

Employment requirements

  • Completion of a university or college program in agronomy, arboriculture, horticulture, landscaping, landscape design or landscape technology is usually required.
  • Experience as a landscape and grounds maintenance labourer may be required for golf course superintendents, landscape gardeners and landscapers.
  • An apprenticeship program is available for horticulturists, arboriculturists and landscape gardeners.
  • Trade certification for landscape horticulturists is available, but voluntary, in all provinces.
  • A provincial licence to apply chemical fertilizers, fungicides, herbicides and pesticides may be required.
  • In Quebec, membership in the regulatory body is required to use the title of Professional Technologist.
  • Red Seal endorsement is also available to qualified landscape horticulturists upon successful completion of the interprovincial Red Seal examination.

Additional information

  • The Red Seal endorsement allows for interprovincial mobility.


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  • Contractors and supervisors, landscaping, grounds maintenance and horticulture services (8255)
  • Forestry technologists and technicians (2223)
  • Landscape architects (2152)
  • Managers in horticulture (0822)
  • Nursery and greenhouse workers (8432)
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