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NOC 2021 Version 1.0


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31202 – Physiotherapists

Physiotherapists assess clients and plan and carry out individually designed treatment programs to maintain, improve or restore physical functioning and mobility, alleviate pain and prevent physical dysfunction in clients. They are employed in hospitals, clinics, industry, sports organizations, rehabilitation centres and extended care facilities, or may work in private practice.


Example titles

  • Physical therapist
  • Physiotherapist
  • Registered physiotherapist
  • Research physiotherapist
  • Physical therapy clinical coordinator
  • Physiotherapy clinical coordinator

Main duties

This group performs some or all of the following duties:
  • Assess clients' physical abilities through evaluative procedures such as functional ability tests and make a physiotherapy diagnosis
  • Establish treatment goals with patients based on diagnoses
  • Develop and implement physiotherapy treatment plans including therapeutic exercise, manipulations, massage, education, electrotherapy, hydrotherapy and other modalities
  • Evaluate effectiveness of treatment plans and modify accordingly
  • Provide advice on exercise and strategies to implement at home to enhance and or maintain treatment
  • Communicate with referring physician and other health care professionals regarding clients' problems, needs and progress
  • Maintain clinical and statistical records and confer with other health care professionals
  • Develop and implement health promotion programs for clients, staff and the community
  • May conduct research in physiotherapy
  • Provide consulting or education services as required.

Employment requirements

  • A master's degree in physiotherapy and a period of supervised practical training are required.
  • A licence or registration with a regulatory body is required in all provinces and territories.
  • Completion of a physiotherapist competency examination is required in all provinces and territories.

Additional information

  • Physiotherapists may focus their practice in particular clinical areas such as neurology, oncology, rheumatology, orthopedics, obstetrics, pediatrics, geriatrics, in the treatment of patients with cardiovascular and cardiopulmonary disorders, burns or sports injuries or in the field of ergonomics.
  • Progression to management positions, such as director of physiotherapy, is possible through experience and additional training.


Breakdown summary

Broad occupational category
3 – Health occupations
1 – Occupations usually require a university degree
Major group
31 – Professional occupations in health
Sub-major group
312 – Therapy and assessment professionals
Minor group
3120 – Therapy and assessment professionals
NOC 2021 Version 1.0
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