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2016 Version 1.0

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4111 – Judges

Judges adjudicate civil and criminal cases and administer justice in courts of law. Judges preside over federal and provincial courts.

Profile

Example titles

  • Chief justice
  • County court judge
  • Court of Queen's Bench justice
  • District court judge
  • Family court judge
  • Federal trial court justice
  • Provincial court of appeal justice
  • Small claims court judge
  • Superior court justice
  • Supreme Court justice

Main duties

This group performs some or all of the following duties:
  • Preside over courts of law, interpret and enforce rules of procedure and make rulings regarding the admissibility of evidence
  • Instruct the jury on laws that are applicable to the case
  • Weigh and consider evidence in non-jury trials and decide legal guilt or innocence or degree of liability of the accused or defendant
  • Pass sentence on persons convicted in criminal cases and determine damages or other appropriate remedy in civil cases
  • Grant divorces and divide assets between spouses
  • Determine custody of children between contesting parents and other guardians
  • Enforce court orders for access or support
  • Supervise other judges and court officers.

Judges may specialize in particular areas of law such as civil, criminal or family law.

Employment requirements

  • Extensive experience as a lawyer or as a professor of law with continuous membership in the bar association is usually required.
  • Membership in good standing with a provincial or territorial law society or bar association is required.
  • Judges are appointed by federal or provincial cabinets.
  • Those appointed to more senior positions in a court, such as chief justice, usually have experience as judges in that court.

Exclusions

Breakdown summary

Broad occupational category
4 - Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services
Skill level
A - Occupations usually require university education.
Major group
41 - Professional occupations in law and social, community and government services
Minor group
411 - Judges, lawyers and Quebec notaries
Version
2016 Version 1.0
Date modified: