View category - Abilities

Skills and Competencies Taxonomy 2023 Version 1.0

Innate and developed aptitudes that facilitate the acquisition of knowledge and skills to carry out expected work.

Cognitive Abilities

Abilities that influence the acquisition and application of knowledge in performing various mental processes at work.

Descriptor Definition
Categorization Flexibility The ability to generate or use different sets of rules for combining or grouping things in different ways.
Deductive Reasoning The ability to apply general rules to produce logical answers for specific problems.
Fluency of Ideas [Endnotes] The ability to come up with multiple ideas about a topic.
Inductive Reasoning The ability to combine pieces of information to form general rules or conclusions, which includes finding a relationship among seemingly unrelated events.
Information Ordering The ability to arrange things or actions in a certain order or pattern according to a specific rule or set of rules (e.g., patterns of numbers, letters, words, pictures, mathematical operations).
Problem Identification [Endnotes] The ability to identify an existing or potential problem. It is not about solving the problem, but only about recognizing its presence.
Selective Attention The ability to concentrate on a task over a period of time without being distracted.
General Learning Ability The ability to "catch on" or understand instructions and underlying principles to reason and make judgments.
Form Perception The ability to perceive pertinent detail in objects and graphic material; to make visual comparisons and discriminations and to see slight differences in shapes and shadings of figures and widths and lengths of lines.
Mathematical Reasoning [Endnotes] The ability to choose the right mathematical methods or formulas to solve a problem.
Numerical Ability [Endnotes] The ability to carry out arithmetical processes accurately such as addition, subtraction, multiplication or division.
Memorizing [Endnotes] The ability to remember information such as words, numbers, pictures, or procedures.
Multitasking [Endnotes] The ability to shift back and forth between two or more activities or sources of information during the same time period (such as speech, sounds, touch, or other sources).
Pattern Identification The ability to identify or detect a known pattern such as a figure, object, word, or sound that is hidden in other information or material.
Pattern Organization Speed [Endnotes] The ability to quickly combine and organize information into meaningful patterns.
Perceptual Speed The ability to compare, quickly and accurately, similarities and differences among sets of letters, numbers, objects, pictures, or patterns. The things to be compared may be presented at the same time, one after the other, or with a remembered object.
Spatial Orientation The ability to know your location in relation to the environment or know where objects are in relation to you.
Spatial Visualization The ability to think visually about geometric forms, comprehend the two-dimensional representation of three-dimensional objects and recognize the relationships resulting from the movement of objects in space.
Verbal Ability [Endnotes] The ability to understand the meaning, precise use, associated ideas, and relationships of spoken words; and to use them in the proper context when presenting information or ideas.
Written Comprehension [Endnotes] The ability to read and understand information and ideas presented in written form.
Written Expression [Endnotes] The ability to communicate information and ideas in writing and adapting the writing style to the audience so that they can understand.

Physical Abilities

Abilities to perform physical activities that require strength, endurance, flexibility, balance or coordination.

Descriptor Definition
Body Flexibility [Endnotes] The ability to bend, stretch, twist, or reach with your body, arms, and/or legs.
Dynamic Flexibility The ability to quickly and repeatedly bend, stretch, twist, or reach out with your body, arms, and/or legs.
Gross Body Coordination The ability to coordinate the movement of your arms, legs, and torso together when the whole body is in motion.
Gross Body Equilibrium The ability to keep or regain your body balance or stay upright when in an unstable position.
Multi-Limb Coordination The ability to coordinate two or more limbs, such as two arms, two legs, or one leg and one arm, while sitting, standing, or lying down. It does not involve performing the activities while the whole body is in motion.
Dynamic Strength The ability to exert muscle force repeatedly or continuously over time. This involves muscular endurance and resistance to muscle fatigue.
Explosive Strength The ability to exert short bursts of muscle force to propel oneself (as in jumping or sprinting), to throw an object, or to apply force with a tool.
Static Strength The ability to exert muscle force to lift, push, pull, carry, or transfer objects.
Trunk Strength The ability to exert your abdominal and lower back muscles to support part of the body repeatedly or continuously over time without "giving out" or fatiguing.
Stamina The ability to perform intense physical activities over long periods without becoming winded or out of breath.

Psychomotor Abilities

Abilities needed to manipulate and control objects.

Descriptor Definition
Arm-Hand Steadiness The ability to keep your hand and arm steady while moving or holding them in one position.
Finger Dexterity The ability to make precisely coordinated movements of the fingers of one or both hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble small objects.
Manual Dexterity The ability to move your hand, your hand together with your arm, or your two hands to grasp, manipulate, or assemble objects or tools.
Control of Settings The ability to adjust the controls of a machine or a vehicle to exact positions.
Motor Coordination The ability to coordinate eyes, hands and fingers accurately to respond with precise movements.
Multi-Signal Response The ability to choose quickly between one or more movements with the hand, finger, or foot in response to the appearance of two or more different signals such as lights, sounds, or images.
Rate Control The ability to time your movements or the movement of a piece of equipment in anticipation of changes in the speed and/or direction of a moving object.
Reaction Time The ability to respond quickly with one or more limbs to a stimulus such as noise, light or image.
Speed of Limb Movement The ability to quickly move the arms and legs.
Finger-Hand-Wrist Motion The ability to make fast, simple, and repeated movements of the fingers, hands, and wrists.

Sensory Abilities

Abilities needed to perform activities that require visual, auditory, tactile, olfactory or speech perception.

Descriptor Definition
Auditory Attention The ability to give full attention on a single source of sound in the presence of other distracting sounds.
Hearing Sensitivity The ability to detect or distinguish the differences between sounds in terms of pitch and volume.
Speech Clarity The ability to articulate and pronounce words clearly, so others can understand you when you speak.
Speech Recognition The ability to identify and understand the speech of another person.
Sound Localization The ability to identify the direction, origin and distance from which a sound comes.
Depth Perception The ability to discern which of several objects is closer or farther away from you, or to estimate the distance between you and an object.
Far Vision The ability to see details of objects and people at a distance.
Glare Tolerance The ability to see objects or people, in the presence of glare or bright lighting.
Near Vision The ability to see details at close range.
Night Vision The ability to see under low light conditions.
Peripheral Vision The ability to see objects, people, or their movement in the peripheral field of vision when looking ahead.
Smell The ability to perceive odours through the nose.
Taste The ability to recognize or verify a particular flavor of a substance by tasting it.
Touch The ability to acquire information about the environment through skin contact.
Colour Perception The ability to match or detect differences or similarities between colours, including shades of colour and brightness.
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