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OaSIS code 31103.00

Veterinarians prevent, diagnose and treat diseases and disorders in animals and advise clients on the feeding, hygiene, housing and general care of animals. They can also perform surgical procedures.


Also known as

  • Farm veterinarian
  • Small animal veterinary specialist
  • Veterinarian
  • Veterinary inspector
  • Veterinary pathologist
  • Veterinary physiologist
  • Veterinary surgeon
  • Zoo veterinarian

Main duties

This group performs some or all of the following duties:

  • Diagnose diseases or abnormal conditions in individual animals, herds and flocks through physical examinations or laboratory tests
  • Treat sick or injured animals by prescribing medication, setting bones, dressing wounds or performing surgery
  • Vaccinate animals to prevent and treat diseases
  • Perform routine, emergency and post-mortem examinations
  • Advise clients on feeding, housing, behaviour, breeding, hygiene and general care of animals
  • Provide a range of veterinary services including obstetrics, dentistry and euthanasia
  • May supervise animal health technologists and animal care workers
  • May be responsible for overall operation of animal hospital, clinic or mobile service to farms
  • May conduct veterinary research related to areas such as animal nutrition, health care products development and disease prevention and control
  • May enforce government regulations in disease control and food production including animal or animal-based food inspection.

Additional information

  • The duties of veterinarians performing research may be similar to those of some biologists.
  • In its regulations, the 'Ordre des médecins vétérinaires du Québec (OMVQ)' recognizes only the following specialties: Animal behavioural medicine; Laboratory animal medicine; Large animal internal medicine; Large animal surgery; Pet internal medicine; Pet surgery; Veterinary anesthesiology; Veterinary clinical pathology; Veterinary dermatology; Veterinary emergency and intensive care; Veterinary medical imaging; Veterinary microbiology; Veterinary neurology; Veterinary oncology; Veterinary ophthalmology; Veterinary pathology; Veterinary theriogenology; and Zoological medicine.

Similar occupations classified elsewhere


  • Biologists and related scientists (21110)
  • Animal health technologists and veterinary technicians (32104)

NOC hierarchy breakdown

NOC version

NOC 2021 Version 1.0

Broad occupational category

3 – Health occupations


1 – Occupations usually require a university degree

Major group

31 – Professional occupations in health

Sub-major group

311 – Health treating and consultation services professionals

Minor group

3110 – Physicians and veterinarians

Unit group

31103 – Veterinarians

Occupational profile

31103.00 – Veterinarians

Work characteristics

Work characteristics gathers the various components describing the work environment of each occupation, such as employers, work activities, and the work context. Each category displays up to 10 descriptors in descending order based, firstly, on their attributed ratings by the level of complexity (for Work Activities) or other measurement dimensions (for Work Context), and secondly, in alphabetical order. The whole list of descriptors and their ratings can be expanded at the bottom of each page.

Work Activities

Proficiency or complexity level
Assisting and Caring for Others
5 - Highest Level
Identifying Objects, Actions, and Events
5 - Highest Level
Making Decisions
5 - Highest Level
Monitoring Processes, Materials, or Surroundings
5 - Highest Level
Performing for or Working Directly with the Public
5 - Highest Level

Work Context

Structural Job Characteristics

Structured versus Unstructured Work
Degree of freedom to determine tasks and priorities
4 - High amount of freedom
Work Week Duration
Worked hours in a typical week
2 - Between 35 to 40 hours

Physical Work Environment

Physical Proximity
Physical distance from others
5 - Physically touching or very close

Physical Demands

2 - Less than half the time
4 - More than half the time
Bending or Twisting the Body
3 - About half the time

Interpersonal Relations

Contact with Others
5 - Every day, almost continuously
5 - All the time, or almost all the time
Work with Work Group or Team
5 - Extremely important
5 - Every day, almost continuously


  • Animal clinics
  • Farms
  • Governments
  • Industry
  • Laboratories
  • Private practice

Skills and abilities

This section displays the various competencies required for an occupation. Each category displays up to 10 descriptors in descending order based, firstly, on their attributed ratings by the level of proficiency (for Skills and Abilities) or importance (for Personal Attributes) and secondly, in alphabetical order. The whole list of descriptors and their ratings can be expanded at the bottom of each page.


Proficiency or complexity level
Arm-Hand Steadiness
5 - Highest Level
Finger Dexterity
5 - Highest Level
Inductive Reasoning
5 - Highest Level
Problem Identification
5 - Highest Level
Auditory Attention
4 - High Level


Proficiency or complexity level
Decision Making
5 - Highest Level
5 - Highest Level
Learning and Teaching Strategies
5 - Highest Level
Oral Communication: Oral Comprehension
5 - Highest Level
Oral Communication: Oral Expression
5 - Highest Level

Personal Attributes

Attention to Detail
5 - Extremely important
Concern for Others
5 - Extremely important
5 - Extremely important
Stress Tolerance
5 - Extremely important
Active Learning
4 - Highly important