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Justice of the peace

OaSIS code 42200.05

Justices of the peace administer oaths, issue subpoenas, summonses and warrants and perform other court-related duties such as conducting bail hearings.

Overview

Also known as

  • Justice of the peace
  • Presiding justice of the peace

Main duties

This group performs some or all of the following duties:

  • Issue subpoenas, summonses and warrants, including search warrants
  • Receive affidavits, declarations and affirmations
  • Administer oaths
  • Conduct bail hearings
  • Release defendants on judges' orders and explain rights and obligations
  • Hear evidence at trials on summary conviction offences and may preside over trials of criminal offences at the discretion of the chief judge of the jurisdiction or as provided for in federal, provincial or territorial statutes
  • Perform civil marriages
  • Register wills, probate, bankruptcy, etc.

Additional information

  • The duties and responsibilities of justices of the peace vary significantly depending on the level of their authority. They may be employed part-time on a fee-for-service basis in small communities. Their duties range from performing civil marriages, receiving affidavits and similar documents, to presiding in courts and hearing and determining prosecutions under provincial/territorial and federal laws.

Similar occupations classified elsewhere

Exclusions:

  • Legal administrative assistants (13111)
  • Lawyers and Quebec notaries (41101)
  • Natural and applied science policy researchers, consultants and program officers (41400)

NOC hierarchy breakdown

NOC version

NOC 2021 Version 1.0

Broad occupational category

4 – Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services

TEER

2 – Occupations usually require a college diploma or apprenticeship training of two or more years; or supervisory occupations

Major group

42 – Front-line public protection services and paraprofessional occupations in legal, social, community, education services

Sub-major group

422 – Paraprofessional occupations in legal, social, community and education services

Minor group

4220 – Paraprofessional occupations in legal, social, community and education services

Unit group

42200 – Paralegals and related occupations

Occupational profile

42200.05 – Justice of the peace

Work characteristics

Work characteristics gathers the various components describing the work environment of each occupation, such as employers, work activities, and the work context. Each category displays up to 10 descriptors in descending order based, firstly, on their attributed ratings by the level of complexity (for Work Activities) or other measurement dimensions (for Work Context), and secondly, in alphabetical order. The whole list of descriptors and their ratings can be expanded at the bottom of each page.

Work Activities

Proficiency or complexity level
Analyzing Data or Information
5 - Highest Level
Making Decisions
5 - Highest Level
Performing for or Working Directly with the Public
5 - Highest Level
Resolving Conflicts and Negotiating with Others
5 - Highest Level
Applying New Knowledge
4 - High Level

Work Context

Structural Job Characteristics

Structured versus Unstructured Work
Degree of freedom to determine tasks and priorities
3 - Moderate amount of freedom
Work Week Duration
Worked hours in a typical week
3 - More than 40 hours

Physical Work Environment

Physical Proximity
Physical distance from others
3 - Somewhat close (e.g. share office)

Physical Demands

Sitting
Duration
5 - All the time, or almost all the time
Standing
Duration
1 - Very little time
Bending or Twisting the Body
Duration
1 - Very little time

Interpersonal Relations

Contact with Others
Frequency
4 - Every day, a few times per day
Duration
5 - All the time, or almost all the time
Work with Work Group or Team
Importance
4 - Highly important
Frequency
4 - Every day, a few times per day

Workplaces/employers

  • Federal courts
  • Provincial courts
  • Territorial courts

Skills and abilities

This section displays the various competencies required for an occupation. Each category displays up to 10 descriptors in descending order based, firstly, on their attributed ratings by the level of proficiency (for Skills and Abilities) or importance (for Personal Attributes) and secondly, in alphabetical order. The whole list of descriptors and their ratings can be expanded at the bottom of each page.

Abilities

Proficiency or complexity level
Deductive Reasoning
5 - Highest Level
Inductive Reasoning
5 - Highest Level
Memorizing
5 - Highest Level
Near Vision
5 - Highest Level
Speech Clarity
5 - Highest Level

Skills

Proficiency or complexity level
Critical Thinking
4 - High Level
Decision Making
4 - High Level
Monitoring
4 - High Level
Negotiating
4 - High Level
Oral Communication: Active Listening
4 - High Level

Personal Attributes

Importance
Analytical Thinking
5 - Extremely important
Attention to Detail
5 - Extremely important
Independence
5 - Extremely important
Active Learning
4 - Highly important
Adaptability
4 - Highly important