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Massage therapists

OaSIS code 32201.00

Massage therapists assess soft tissues and joints of the body for treatment and prevention of dysfunction, injury, pain and physical disorders.


Also known as

  • Massage therapist (MT)
  • Registered massage practitioner
  • Registered massage therapist (RMT)

Main duties

This group performs some or all of the following duties:

  • Assess clients by conducting range of motion and muscle tests and propose treatment plans
  • Explain procedures, risks and benefits to clients
  • Administer massage techniques, treating soft tissues and joints of the body through soft tissue manipulation, relaxation techniques, hydrotherapy, trigger point therapy, joint pain and lower grade mobilizations, remedial exercise programs and client self-help programs
  • Suggest home care instructions and provide information about techniques for further postural improvement and stretching, strengthening, relaxation and rehabilitative exercises
  • Maintain records of treatments given
  • May consult with other health care professionals such as physiotherapists, chiropractors, physicians and psychologists when developing treatment plans for clients.

Additional information

  • Massage therapists may be trained in various specialized massage techniques.

Similar occupations classified elsewhere


  • Traditional Chinese medicine practitioners and acupuncturists (32200)
  • Other practitioners of natural healing (32209)
  • Opticians (32100)
  • Licensed practical nurses (32101)
  • Paramedical occupations (32102)
  • Other technical occupations in therapy and assessment (32109)
  • Respiratory therapists, clinical perfusionists and cardiopulmonary technologists (32103)
  • Animal health technologists and veterinary technicians (32104)
  • Medical laboratory technologists (32120)
  • Medical radiation technologists (32121)
  • Medical sonographers (32122)
  • Cardiology technologists and electrophysiological diagnostic technologists (32123)
  • Other medical technologists and technicians (32129)

NOC hierarchy breakdown

NOC version

NOC 2021 Version 1.0

Broad occupational category

3 – Health occupations


2 – Occupations usually require a college diploma or apprenticeship training of two or more years; or supervisory occupations

Major group

32 – Technical occupations in health

Sub-major group

322 – Practitioners of natural healing

Minor group

3220 – Practitioners of natural healing

Unit group

32201 – Massage therapists

Occupational profile

32201.00 – Massage therapists

Work characteristics

Work characteristics gathers the various components describing the work environment of each occupation, such as employers, work activities, and the work context. Each category displays up to 10 descriptors in descending order based, firstly, on their attributed ratings by the level of complexity (for Work Activities) or other measurement dimensions (for Work Context), and secondly, in alphabetical order. The whole list of descriptors and their ratings can be expanded at the bottom of each page.

Work Activities

Proficiency or complexity level
Assisting and Caring for Others
4 - High Level
Performing for or Working Directly with the Public
4 - High Level
Applying New Knowledge
3 - Moderate Level
Clerical Activities
3 - Moderate Level
Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships
3 - Moderate Level

Work Context

Structural Job Characteristics

Structured versus Unstructured Work
Degree of freedom to determine tasks and priorities
4 - High amount of freedom
Work Week Duration
Worked hours in a typical week
2 - Between 35 to 40 hours

Physical Work Environment

Physical Proximity
Physical distance from others
5 - Physically touching or very close

Physical Demands

2 - Less than half the time
4 - More than half the time
Bending or Twisting the Body
3 - About half the time

Interpersonal Relations

Contact with Others
5 - Every day, almost continuously
5 - All the time, or almost all the time
Work with Work Group or Team
1 - Minimally important
1 - Once a year or more but not every month


  • Clinics
  • Educational institutions
  • Extended care facilities
  • Hospitals
  • Private practices
  • Rehabilitation centres

Skills and abilities

This section displays the various competencies required for an occupation. Each category displays up to 10 descriptors in descending order based, firstly, on their attributed ratings by the level of proficiency (for Skills and Abilities) or importance (for Personal Attributes) and secondly, in alphabetical order. The whole list of descriptors and their ratings can be expanded at the bottom of each page.


Proficiency or complexity level
Dynamic Strength
5 - Highest Level
5 - Highest Level
Trunk Strength
4 - High Level
Arm-Hand Steadiness
3 - Moderate Level
Body Flexibility
3 - Moderate Level


Proficiency or complexity level
Learning and Teaching Strategies
3 - Moderate Level
Management of Financial Resources
3 - Moderate Level
Oral Communication: Active Listening
3 - Moderate Level
Oral Communication: Oral Expression
3 - Moderate Level
Social Perceptiveness
3 - Moderate Level

Personal Attributes

Concern for Others
5 - Extremely important
4 - Highly important
Analytical Thinking
4 - Highly important
Attention to Detail
4 - Highly important
4 - Highly important