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Probation and parole officers

OaSIS code 41311.00

Probation officers monitor the conduct and behaviour of criminal offenders serving probation terms and serving sentences of two years less a day. They are employed by provincial government. Parole officers monitor the reintegration of criminal offenders serving the remainder of sentences on conditional release and individuals that are subject to a long term supervision order. They also assess inmates and develop rehabilitation programs for criminal offenders who are incarcerated in correctional facilities.


Also known as

  • Parole officer
  • Probation officer

Main duties

This group performs some or all of the following duties:

  • Interview inmates to assess adjustment problems and develop suitable rehabilitation programs
  • Prepare reports for the recommendation of security level, penitentiary placement, type of incarceration and types of interventions considered most beneficial for the rehabilitation of the inmates
  • Interview offenders, police, family, friends, school authorities and employers to prepare pre-sentence reports and assess offenders' prospects for successful reintegration into the community
  • Plan rehabilitation programs with inmates, establishing rules of conduct, goals and objectives
  • Refer inmates and offenders to community and social service programs, as required
  • Supervise the terms of a probation order and attend court
  • Interview probationers and parolees regularly to evaluate their progress in accomplishing goals and maintaining the terms specified in their probation contracts and rehabilitation plans
  • Recommend remedial action or initiate court action when terms of probation or parole are violated
  • Attend court proceedings to provide expert testimony on an inmate’s case as well as detention and dangerous offenders status court rulings
  • May perform administrative duties and supervise support staff
  • May participate in policy development.

Additional information

  • Progression to correctional service management positions is possible with additional training or experience.

Similar occupations classified elsewhere


  • Managers in social, community and correctional services (40030)
  • Social workers (41300)
  • Social and community service workers (42201)
  • Correctional service officers (43201)

NOC hierarchy breakdown

NOC version

NOC 2021 Version 1.0

Broad occupational category

4 – Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services


1 – Occupations usually require a university degree

Major group

41 – Professional occupations in law, education, social, community and government services

Sub-major group

413 – Professional occupations in social and community services

Minor group

4131 – Police investigators and probation officers

Unit group

41311 – Probation and parole officers

Occupational profile

41311.00 – Probation and parole officers

Work characteristics

Work characteristics gathers the various components describing the work environment of each occupation, such as employers, work activities, and the work context. Each category displays up to 10 descriptors in descending order based, firstly, on their attributed ratings by the level of complexity (for Work Activities) or other measurement dimensions (for Work Context), and secondly, in alphabetical order. The whole list of descriptors and their ratings can be expanded at the bottom of each page.

Work Activities

Proficiency or complexity level
Assisting and Caring for Others
4 - High Level
Clerical Activities
4 - High Level
Developing Objectives and Strategies
4 - High Level
Establishing and Maintaining Interpersonal Relationships
4 - High Level
Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance
4 - High Level

Work Context

Structural Job Characteristics

Structured versus Unstructured Work
Degree of freedom to determine tasks and priorities
3 - Moderate amount of freedom
Work Week Duration
Worked hours in a typical week
2 - Between 35 to 40 hours

Physical Work Environment

Physical Proximity
Physical distance from others
3 - Somewhat close (e.g. share office)

Physical Demands

4 - More than half the time
2 - Less than half the time
Bending or Twisting the Body
1 - Very little time

Interpersonal Relations

Contact with Others
4 - Every day, a few times per day
5 - All the time, or almost all the time
Work with Work Group or Team
3 - Important
4 - Every day, a few times per day


  • Community and correctional facilities
  • Federal government departments
  • Provincial government departments

Skills and abilities

This section displays the various competencies required for an occupation. Each category displays up to 10 descriptors in descending order based, firstly, on their attributed ratings by the level of proficiency (for Skills and Abilities) or importance (for Personal Attributes) and secondly, in alphabetical order. The whole list of descriptors and their ratings can be expanded at the bottom of each page.


Proficiency or complexity level
Problem Identification
4 - High Level
Verbal Ability
4 - High Level
Deductive Reasoning
3 - Moderate Level
Fluency of Ideas
3 - Moderate Level
Inductive Reasoning
3 - Moderate Level


Proficiency or complexity level
5 - Highest Level
Social Perceptiveness
5 - Highest Level
4 - High Level
Decision Making
4 - High Level
4 - High Level

Personal Attributes

5 - Extremely important
Attention to Detail
5 - Extremely important
Service Orientation
5 - Extremely important
Stress Tolerance
5 - Extremely important
Analytical Thinking
4 - Highly important