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Accountants

OaSIS code 11100.02

Accountants plan, organize and administer accounting systems for individuals and establishments. Articling students in accounting firms are included in this occupation.

Overview

Also known as

  • Certified management accountant (CMA)
  • Financial control officer
  • General accountant
  • Income tax expert
  • Tax analyst

Main duties

This group performs some or all of the following duties:

  • Plan, set up and administer accounting systems and prepare financial information for individuals, departments within organizations, businesses and other establishments
  • Examine accounting records and prepare financial statements and reports
  • Develop and maintain cost finding, reporting and internal control procedures
  • Examine financial accounts and records and prepare income tax returns from accounting records
  • Analyze financial statements and reports and provide financial, business and tax advice
  • May act as a trustee in bankruptcy proceedings
  • May supervise and train articling students, other accountants or administrative technicians.

Additional information

  • There is limited mobility among the three professional accounting designations: chartered professional accountant, chartered accountant (CPA, CA); chartered professional accountant, certified general accountant (CPA, CGA), and chartered professional accountant, certified management accountant (CPA, CMA).
  • Progression to auditing or accounting management positions is possible with experience.

Similar occupations classified elsewhere

Exclusions:

  • Other professional occupations in social science (41409)
  • Financial managers (10010)
  • Accounting technicians and bookkeepers (12200)
  • Natural and applied science policy researchers, consultants and program officers (41400)
  • Economists and economic policy researchers and analysts (41401)
  • Business development officers and market researchers and analysts (41402)
  • Social policy researchers, consultants and program officers (41403)
  • Health policy researchers, consultants and program officers (41404)
  • Education policy researchers, consultants and program officers (41405)
  • Recreation, sports and fitness policy researchers, consultants and program officers (41406)
  • Program officers unique to government (41407)

NOC hierarchy breakdown

NOC version

NOC 2021 Version 1.0

Broad occupational category

1 – Business, finance and administration occupations

TEER

1 – Occupations usually require a university degree

Major group

11 – Professional occupations in finance and business

Sub-major group

111 – Professional occupations in finance

Minor group

1110 – Auditors, accountants and investment professionals

Unit group

11100 – Financial auditors and accountants

Occupational profile

11100.02 – Accountants

Work characteristics

Work characteristics gathers the various components describing the work environment of each occupation, such as employers, work activities, and the work context. Each category displays up to 10 descriptors in descending order based, firstly, on their attributed ratings by the level of complexity (for Work Activities) or other measurement dimensions (for Work Context), and secondly, in alphabetical order. The whole list of descriptors and their ratings can be expanded at the bottom of each page.

Work Activities

Proficiency or complexity level
Interacting with Computers
5 - Highest Level
Analyzing Data or Information
4 - High Level
Clerical Activities
4 - High Level
Communicating with Coworkers
4 - High Level
Evaluating Information to Determine Compliance
4 - High Level

Work Context

Structural Job Characteristics

Structured versus Unstructured Work
Degree of freedom to determine tasks and priorities
4 - High amount of freedom
Work Week Duration
Worked hours in a typical week
2 - Between 35 to 40 hours

Physical Work Environment

Physical Proximity
Physical distance from others
3 - Somewhat close (e.g. share office)

Physical Demands

Sitting
Duration
5 - All the time, or almost all the time
Standing
Duration
0 – Not applicable
Bending or Twisting the Body
Duration
1 - Very little time

Interpersonal Relations

Contact with Others
Frequency
4 - Every day, a few times per day
Duration
4 - More than half the time
Work with Work Group or Team
Importance
3 - Important
Frequency
3 - Once a week or more but not every day

Workplaces/employers

  • Private sector accounting and auditing firms/departments
  • Public sector accounting and auditing departments/units
  • Self-employed

Skills and abilities

This section displays the various competencies required for an occupation. Each category displays up to 10 descriptors in descending order based, firstly, on their attributed ratings by the level of proficiency (for Skills and Abilities) or importance (for Personal Attributes) and secondly, in alphabetical order. The whole list of descriptors and their ratings can be expanded at the bottom of each page.

Abilities

Proficiency or complexity level
Mathematical Reasoning
5 - Highest Level
Numerical Ability
5 - Highest Level
Categorization Flexibility
4 - High Level
Deductive Reasoning
4 - High Level
Information Ordering
4 - High Level

Skills

Proficiency or complexity level
Digital Literacy
4 - High Level
Evaluation
4 - High Level
Management of Financial Resources
4 - High Level
Monitoring
4 - High Level
Numeracy
4 - High Level

Personal Attributes

Importance
Attention to Detail
5 - Extremely important
Analytical Thinking
4 - Highly important
Independence
4 - Highly important
Active Learning
3 - Important
Adaptability
3 - Important