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Mechanical engineers

OaSIS code 21301.00

Mechanical engineers research, design and develop machinery and systems for heating, ventilating and air conditioning, power generation, transportation, processing and manufacturing. They also perform duties related to the evaluation, installation, operation and maintenance of mechanical systems.

Overview

Also known as

  • Acoustics engineer
  • Automotive engineer
  • Design engineer - mechanical
  • Energy conservation engineer
  • Fluid mechanics engineer
  • Heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC) engineer
  • Mechanical engineer
  • Mechanical maintenance engineer
  • Nuclear engineer
  • Piping engineer
  • Power generation engineer
  • Refrigeration engineer
  • Robotics engineer
  • Thermal design engineer
  • Tool engineer

Main duties

This group performs some or all of the following duties:

  • Conduct research into the feasibility, design, operation and performance of mechanisms, components and systems
  • Plan and manage projects, and prepare material, cost and timing estimates, reports and design specifications for machinery and systems
  • Design power plants, machines, components, tools, fixtures and equipment
  • Analyze dynamics and vibrations of mechanical systems and structures
  • Supervise and inspect the installation, modification and commissioning of mechanical systems at construction sites or in industrial facilities
  • Develop maintenance standards, schedules and programs and provide guidance to industrial maintenance crews
  • Investigate mechanical failures or unexpected maintenance problems
  • Prepare contract documents and evaluate tenders for industrial construction or maintenance
  • Supervise technicians, technologists and other engineers and review and approve designs, calculations and cost estimates.

Additional information

  • Supervisory and senior positions in this unit group require experience.
  • Mechanical engineers work closely with civil, electrical, aerospace, chemical, industrial and other engineers, and mobility is possible between some fields of specialization in these disciplines.
  • There is considerable mobility between mechanical engineering specializations at the less senior levels.
  • Engineers often work in a multidisciplinary environment and acquire knowledge and skills through work experience that may allow them to practise in associated areas of science, engineering, sales, marketing or management.

Similar occupations classified elsewhere

Exclusions:

  • Engineering managers (20010)
  • Industrial and manufacturing engineers (21321)
  • Metallurgical and materials engineers (21322)
  • Power engineers and power systems operators (92100)
  • Power systems operators (92100.02)

NOC hierarchy breakdown

NOC version

NOC 2021 Version 1.0

Broad occupational category

2 – Natural and applied sciences and related occupations

TEER

1 – Occupations usually require a university degree

Major group

21 – Professional occupations in natural and applied sciences

Sub-major group

213 – Professional occupations in engineering

Minor group

2130 – Civil and mechanical engineers

Unit group

21301 – Mechanical engineers

Occupational profile

21301.00 – Mechanical engineers

Work characteristics

Work characteristics gathers the various components describing the work environment of each occupation, such as employers, work activities, and the work context. Each category displays up to 10 descriptors in descending order based, firstly, on their attributed ratings by the level of complexity (for Work Activities) or other measurement dimensions (for Work Context), and secondly, in alphabetical order. The whole list of descriptors and their ratings can be expanded at the bottom of each page.

Work Activities

Proficiency or complexity level
Developing Technical Instructions
5 - Highest Level
Analyzing Data or Information
4 - High Level
Applying New Knowledge
4 - High Level
Coaching and Developing Others
4 - High Level
Communicating with Coworkers
4 - High Level

Work Context

Structural Job Characteristics

Structured versus Unstructured Work
Degree of freedom to determine tasks and priorities
3 - Moderate amount of freedom
Work Week Duration
Worked hours in a typical week
3 - More than 40 hours

Physical Work Environment

Physical Proximity
Physical distance from others
3 - Somewhat close (e.g. share office)

Physical Demands

Sitting
Duration
3 - About half the time
Standing
Duration
2 - Less than half the time
Bending or Twisting the Body
Duration
1 - Very little time

Interpersonal Relations

Contact with Others
Frequency
4 - Every day, a few times per day
Duration
4 - More than half the time
Work with Work Group or Team
Importance
4 - Highly important
Frequency
3 - Once a week or more but not every day

Workplaces/employers

  • All levels of government
  • Construction firms
  • Consulting engineering companies
  • Industries
  • Self-employed

Skills and abilities

This section displays the various competencies required for an occupation. Each category displays up to 10 descriptors in descending order based, firstly, on their attributed ratings by the level of proficiency (for Skills and Abilities) or importance (for Personal Attributes) and secondly, in alphabetical order. The whole list of descriptors and their ratings can be expanded at the bottom of each page.

Abilities

Proficiency or complexity level
Categorization Flexibility
5 - Highest Level
Deductive Reasoning
5 - Highest Level
Fluency of Ideas
5 - Highest Level
Information Ordering
5 - Highest Level
Mathematical Reasoning
5 - Highest Level

Skills

Proficiency or complexity level
Critical Thinking
5 - Highest Level
Decision Making
5 - Highest Level
Evaluation
5 - Highest Level
Numeracy
5 - Highest Level
Operation Monitoring of Machinery and Equipment
5 - Highest Level

Personal Attributes

Importance
Analytical Thinking
5 - Extremely important
Attention to Detail
5 - Extremely important
Independence
5 - Extremely important
Innovativeness
5 - Extremely important
Adaptability
4 - Highly important