8442 Trappers and hunters

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Lead statement

Trappers and hunters trap and hunt wild animals for pelts or live sale. They are usually self-employed and work on a seasonal basis.

Example Titles

  • fur trapper
  • game trapper
  • hunter
  • sealer
  • trapper

Main duties

This group performs some or all of the following duties:


  • Set traps with bait and position traps along trails
  • Operate snowmobiles or travel on foot, snowshoes or skis to patrol trapline
  • Remove catch and reset traps and snares
  • Kill and skin catch for pelts, and treat and pack pelts for marketing
  • Trap live animals for sale to buyers or for relocation purposes
  • Maintain and repair trapping equipment
  • Maintain trails and access to trapping lines
  • Trap designated animals for bounty or other control programs
  • May monitor animal population in the trapping regions to ensure future sustainability.


  • Operate boats or snowmobiles or travel on foot to reach hunting areas
  • Pursue animals by observing and recognizing tracks, trails, animal droppings or broken foliage
  • Train dogs for hunting
  • Kill wild animals using firearms or other weapons
  • Skin dead animals for pelts using knives
  • Treat, pack and transport pelts to processing plants or to public auctions
  • Maintain hunting equipment
  • May monitor animal population in the hunting regions to ensure future sustainability.
  • Trappers and hunters may specialize in trapping or hunting a particular kind of animal.

    Employment requirements

    • Completion of trapping or hunting courses may be required in some provinces.
    • A provincial trapping or hunting licence is required.

    Additional information

    • In some jurisdictions, trappers may be allocated trapping areas based on their experience.