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3211.0 Medical laboratory technologists

Medical laboratory technologists conduct medical laboratory tests, experiments and analyses to assist in the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of disease. Medical laboratory technologists who are supervisors are included in this group.

Short version
  • clinical immunology technologist
  • cytogenetics technologist - medical laboratory
  • histology technologist
  • immunohematology technologist
  • medical laboratory supervisor
  • medical laboratory technologist
  • medical technologist - medical laboratory
  • anatomical pathology technologist - anatomical pathology
  • clinical immunology technologist
  • cytogenetics technologist - medical laboratory
  • histology technologist
  • immunohematology technologist
  • medical laboratory supervisor
  • medical laboratory technologist
  • medical technologist - medical laboratory

Main characteristicsDescriptor Profile Helps

  • General learning ability to conduct laboratory tests, experiments and analyses to assist in the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of disease
  • Verbal ability to understand and use scientific terminology associated with areas of medical specialization
  • Numerical ability to make calculations involved in laboratory experiments and tests
  • Form perception to study blood cells and other tissue samples to determine their relation to various physiological and pathological conditions
  • Methodical interest in supervising and training other medical laboratory technicians and laboratory workers; and in performing blood group, type and compatibility tests for transfusion purposes; may supervise and train other medical laboratory technologists
  • Innovative interest in analyzing results of laboratory tests; and in establishing procedures for the analyses of specimens and for medical laboratory experiments
  • Objective interest in precision working with laboratory equipment to conduct chemical analyses of blood, urine, cerebro-spinal and other body fluids, and to prepare tissue sections for microscopic examinations using techniques to demonstrate special cellular tissue elements and other characteristics; may perform the duties of a pathologist's assistant in some hospitals

AptitudesHelp on Aptitudes

One of the five levels assigned for each factor, with levels representing normal curve distribution of the labour force:

G
General learning ability
Q
Clerical perception
V
Verbal ability
K
Motor co-ordination
N
Numerical ability
F
Finger dexterity
S
Spatial perception
M
Manual dexterity
P
Form derception

1
The highest 10% of the working population
2
Upper third, exclusive of the highest 10%
3
Middle third of the working population
4
Lowest third, exclusive of the lowest 10%
5
Lowest 10% of the working population

An individual's overall capacity to learn the skills needed to perform job duties is based on his or her specific aptitudes for acquiring information and transforming it into action.

General learning ability  G-2 

Ability to 'catch on' or understand instructions and underlying principles; to reason and make judgments.

Verbal ability  V-2 

Ability to understand the meaning of words and the ideas associated with them, and to use them effectively; to comprehend language, to understand relationships between words and to understand the meaning of whole sentences and paragraphs; to present information or ideas clearly.

Numerical ability  N-2 

Ability to carry out arithmetical processes quickly and accurately.

Spatial perception  S-3 

Ability to think visually about geometric forms and comprehend the two dimensional representation of three dimensional objects; to recognize the relationships resulting from the movement of objects in space. May be used in such tasks as blueprint reading and in solving geometry problems. Frequently described as the ability to 'visualize' objects of two or three dimensions.

Form perception  P-2 

Ability to perceive pertinent detail in objects and in pictorial and graphic material; to make visual comparisons and discriminations and to see slight differences in shapes and shadings of figures and widths and lengths of lines.

Clerical perception  Q-3 

Ability to perceive pertinent detail in verbal or tabular material; to observe differences in copy, to proofread words and numbers, and to avoid perceptual errors in arithmetical computation.

Motor co-ordination  K-3 

Ability to co-ordinate eyes, hands and fingers rapidly and accurately when required to respond with precise movements.

Finger dexterity  F-3 

Ability to move the fingers and manipulate small objects with the fingers rapidly and/or accurately.

Manual dexterity M-3 

Ability to move the hands easily and skillfully; to work with the hands in placing and turning motions.

Interests Help on Interests

Three of five descriptive factors, assigned in order of predominance and lower case rating indicating weaker representation:

D
Directive
I
Innovative
M
Methodical
O
Objective
S
Social

  • Methodical M 

    Methodical persons like to have clear rules and organized methods to guide their activities. They prefer working under the direction or supervision of others according to given instructions, or to be guided by established policies and procedures. Methodical persons like to work on one thing until it is completed. They enjoy following a set routine and prefer work that is free from the unexpected.

  • Innovative I 

    Innovative persons like to explore things in depth and arrive at solutions to problems by experimenting. They are interested in initiating and creating different ways to solve questions and present information. They enjoy scientific subjects. Innovative persons prefer to be challenged with new and unexpected experiences. They adjust to change easily.

  • Objective O 

    Objective persons enjoy working with tools, equipment, instruments and machinery. They like to repair and/or fabricate things from various materials according to specifications and using established techniques. Objective persons are interested in finding out how things operate and how they are built.

Data, people, things (DPT) Help on Data/People/Things

Data/information

0
Synthesizing
1
Co-ordinating
2
Analyzing
3
Compiling
4
Computing
5
Copying
6
Comparing
7
-The functional digit 7 is not used in the Data column.
8
Not significant

People

0
Mentoring
1
Negotiating
2
Instructing – Consulting
3
Supervising
4
Diverting
5
Persuading
6
Speaking – Signalling
7
Serving – Assisting
8
Not significant

Things

0
Setting up
1
Precision working
2
Controlling
3
Driving – Operating
4
Operating – Manipulating
5
Tending
6
Feeding – Offbearing
7
Handling
8
Not significant

  • Data Analyzing 2

    Examining and evaluating data; frequently presenting alternative action in relation to the evaluation.

  • People Supervising 3

    Determining or interpreting work procedures for a group or team of workers, assigning specific duties to them, maintaining harmonious relations and promoting efficiency.

  • Things Precision working 1

    Using the body and/or equipment to move, guide, place, install and/or interface with objects, in order to attain specifications and precise standards. Considerable judgment is required to select, adjust and utilize appropriate tools, products and/or materials to accomplish specified objectives.

Physical activities (PA) Help on Physical Activities

Vision

1
Close visual acuity
2
Near vision
3
Near and far vision
4
Total visual field

Hearing

1
Limited
2
Verbal interaction
3
Other sound discrimination

Limb Co-ordination

0
Not relevant
1
Upper limb co-ordination
2
Multiple limb co-ordination

Colour discrimination

0
Not relevant
1
Relevant

Body Position

1
Sitting
2
Standing and/or walking
3
Sitting, standing, walking
4
Other body positions

Strength

1
Limited
2
Light
3
Medium
4
Heavy
  • Vision Close visual acuity  V-1

    The use of sight in the work performed. The levels are organized in terms of the visual field involved in the performance of the work.

    1 - Close visual acuity

    Some or all work activities are performed close to the worker. The scope of the visual field is confined and requires close attention to detail.

    Occupations where one or more of the Main Duties require close visual acuity are coded at this level. Other Main Duties in the unit group may involve other types of vision – for example, Near and far vision (3) or Total visual field (4).

    Examples:

    • assembling micro-circuit boards
    • machining to close tolerances
    • cutting gems
    • performing surgical procedures
  • Colour discrimination Relevant  C-1

    The use of colour descrimination to identify, distinguish and match colours and different shades of the same colours.

    1 - Relevant

    Colour discrimination is relevant in the performance of the work.

    Examples:

    • observing signals while operating vehicles
    • installing, testing and repairing electrical wiring
    • restoring and conserving museum and art gallery artifacts
    • designing, constructing and repairing dentures
  • Hearing Limited  H-1

    The use of hearing in the work performed. The levels are organized in terms of the type of auditory discrimination involved in the performance of the work.

    1 - Limited

    Hearing is limited to short and/or infrequent verbal interactions in order to perform the work.

    Examples:

    • typing and proofreading correspondence
    • cutting and trimming meat, poultry and fish according to customers' orders
    • carrying linen to and from laundry areas and running errands
    • assisting mine workers in constructing underground installations
  • Body position Sitting  B-1

    Primary type of posture or body movement involved in performing the work. These postures or body movements range from simple to complex and from sedentary to mobile.

    1 - Sitting

    Work activities primarily involve sitting. Standing and/or walking (2) may occur but is incidental to the work being performed.

    Examples:

    • reading and editing copy to be published or broadcast
    • preparing financial statements
    • issuing aircraft take-off and landing instructions to pilot
    • interviewing clients
  • Limb co-ordination Upper limb co-ordination  L-1

    The use of limbs in performing work.

    1 - Upper limb co-ordination

    Work activities involve co-ordination of upper limbs.

    Examples:

    • keyboarding
    • performing maintenance services such as oil changes, lubrications and tune-ups
    • operating video cameras
    • instructing students in sign language
  • Strength Limited  S-1

    The use of strength in the handling of loads such as pulling, pushing, lifting and/or moving objects during the work performed.

    1 - Limited

    Work activities involve handling loads up to 5 kg.

    Examples:

    • examining and analyzing financial information
    • selling insurance to clients
    • conducting economic and technical feasibility studies
    • administering and marking written tests

Environmental conditions (EC) Help on Environmental Conditions

Location

L1
Regulated inside climate
L2
Unregulated inside climate
L3
Outside
L4
In a vehicle or cab

Hazards

H1
Dangerous chemical substances
H2
Biological agents
H3
Equipment, machinery, tools
H4
Electricity
H5
Radiation
H6
Flying particles, falling objects
H7
Fire, steam, hot surfaces
H8
Dangerous locations

Discomforts

D1
Noise
D2
Vibration
D3
Odours
D4
Non-toxic dusts
D5
Wetness
  • HazardsBiological agents H2

    Potential hazards to which the worker may be exposed. The codes provide an indication of the type(s) of hazard(s) most likely to be present in the workplace environment. They are not a measure of frequency, duration or degree of exposure to hazards, but an indication of the presence or absence of a particular hazard in the work environment.

    H2 - Biological agents

    Exposure to infectious bacteria and viruses as a result of indirect contact with, or direct handling of, infectious materials or micro-organisms that may cause illness.

    Examples:

    • treating sick animals
    • providing nursing care
    • investigating outbreaks of food and environment-related diseases and poisonings
    • conducting microbiological tests and laboratory analyses
  • LocationRegulated inside climate L1

    The work performed is carried out indoors in a regulated environment, indoors in an unregulated environment, outdoors or in a vehicle. In many occupations, the Main Duties may be performed in more than one location. Therefore, a group may have more than one Location code, for example:

    • firefighting and fire prevention duties
    • maintenance of interior/exterior of buildings
    • managing operations and paperwork of farms

    L1 - Regulated inside climate

    A normal controlled environment such as an office, hospital or school.

Employment requirements

Education/training Help on Employment Requirements

1
No formal education or training requirements
2
Some high school education and/or on-the-job training or experience
3
High school
4
Course work, training, workshops and/or experience related to the occupation
5
Apprenticeship, specialized training, vocational school training
6
College, technical school (certificate, diploma)
7
Undergraduate degree
8
Post-graduate or professional degree
+
Additional requirement beyond education and training
R
Regulated requirement(s)
6 + , 7 + , R
  • A two- or three-year college program in medical laboratory technology is required
    and
    a period of supervised practical training may be required.
  • Registration with a regulatory body is required in Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Quebec, Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, and Alberta.
  • Certification by the Canadian Society for Medical Laboratory Science is usually required by employers.

Workplaces/employers Help on Workplaces/Employers

  • Blood banks
  • Community clinics
  • Hospitals
  • Medical laboratories
  • Post-secondary educational institutions
  • Private clinics
  • Research institutions

Exclusions Help on Classified Elsewhere

Remarks Help on remarks

  • Medical laboratory technologists may specialize in areas such as clinical chemistry, clinical microbiology, hematology, histotechnology, immunohematology, cytotechnology and cytogenetics.